Depending upon whether men have a lot or little of the mineral selenium in their bodies, taking large doses of either selenium or vitamin E can almost double the risk of an aggressive form of prostate cancer, suggests a new study. Vitamin E supplements increase all prostate cancer risk among men with low levels; selenium supplements increase risk among those with high levels.
The study was published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Its findings, somewhat unexpected, adds to a complex body of research on supplements and cancer risk.
AICR currently recommends not relying on supplements to prevent cancer; instead, taking in your nutrients, phytochemicals and other cancer-fighting compounds from food.
The study continues the findings from a large trial that was stopped back in 2008. Called the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT), the study was investigating whether selenium and/or vitamin E could lower prostate cancer risk. Both are essential for good health and have antioxidant activity. Continue reading
Eating mostly fruits, vegetables and other plant foods, staying a healthy weight and exercising are among AICR’s recommendations shown to reduce the risk of developing cancer.
Now a new study suggests that healthy people who follow at least five of AICR’s Recommendations have a lower risk of dying from cancer by more than half compared to those who don’t follow any. And the lower risk was seen with meeting just one recommendation, getting lower for each additional recommendation followed.
The study was published in the February issue of Cancer Causes & Control.
“We found that meeting the AICR recommendations for body weight, diet, and physical activity is associated with lower cancer mortality,” says lead author Theresa Hastert, an epidemiologist at University of Michigan School of Public Health who conducted the study while at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the University of Washington. “Although the benefits are greatest for people who meet the most recommendations, even meeting one or two can be protective.” Continue reading
Our Health-e-Recipe for Broiled Tilapia with Mustard and Yogurt Sauce puts fish on your plate as part of National Cancer Prevention Month.
Eating fish is one way to cut back on red meat; AICR recommends eating no more than 18 ounces of red meat a week for lower risk of cancer.
Some fish are high in omega-3 fatty acids, especially salmon, white albacore tuna, trout and sardines. Although tilapia is not up there with the top omega-3 providers, it’s easy on a budget and versatile to many flavors.
This recipe is easy to prepare and has only 200 calories per serving. Yet each serving also contains a generous 34 grams of protein, about one-third the amount recommended daily for strong bones.
The sauce of lemon, mustard, Greek yogurt and chives works well with other kinds of fish, too – such as salmon, perch and flounder. For a guide to making smart seafood choices, visit The Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch.
Find more delicious cancer-preventive recipes at the AICR Test Kitchen. Subscribe to our weekly Health-e-Recipes.