Last weekend, I attended the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) conference on Metabolism and Cancer. This meeting was a three-day immersion in a topic that, even after over 20 years as a cancer researcher, was sometimes enough to make my head spin. Fortunately, sharper minds than mine are chipping away at the almost overwhelming complexity to reveal the secrets of how tumors grow, spread, evade our immune system and become resistant to treatments. The bottom line is: it’s complicated.
Cigarette smoking markedly increases the risk of developing lung cancer. Historically, that risk has been gauged by how much and how long a person smokes, often described in pack-a-day terms over a period of years. However, data from several large population-based studies suggest that a person’s ethnicity and race influence risk. Findings from a recent review suggest that biomarkers of tobacco exposure may be better determinants of risk, reconciling these two disparate views.
October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month, an annual worldwide health campaign dedicated to increase the awareness of breast cancer and raise funds for research. The AICR/WCRF CUP reports on Breast Cancer Prevention and Breast Cancer Survivorship summarize the current research on diet, nutrition and physical activity. Angela Hummel is a clinical dietitian and specialist in oncology nutrition. She gets many questions from people getting ready to start treatment for breast cancer. Here are her answers to few of the most frequently asked questions.