Major New Analysis: Fiber May Prevent Breast Cancer

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Eating a diet high in fiber (which occurs naturally in vegetables, whole grains, beans and fruit) may protect women against breast cancer, according to one of the largest analyses of the literature published today online in the advance issue of Annals of Oncology.

The research was funded by the World Cancer Research Fund as part of AICR/WCRF’s Continuous Update Project (CUP) (pdf), an ongoing review of cancer prevention research.

The study found that for every 10 grams of fiber consumed daily – slightly less than a cup of beans – the risk of breast cancer was 5 percent lower. Consuming  20 grams of fiber daily would mean a 10 percent lower risk, and so on.

You can read the abstract here. Read more… “Major New Analysis: Fiber May Prevent Breast Cancer”

Diabetes & Breast Cancer – What Can You Do?

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Eating smart, moving more and staying lean are actions we know can lower risk for many common cancers, including breast.

Now, new research presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium last week showed that having type 2 diabetes significantly increases risk for postmenopausal breast cancer. In the Swedish study, women over age 60 with diabetes had a 37 percent increased risk for developing breast cancer if their diabetes had been diagnosed up to four years before cancer was diagnosed. AICR has written about the Diabetes-Cancer Connection, so this new study adds to the data showing a link between the two diseases.

Excess body fat is one shared risk factor for diabetes and cancer, so there are steps you can take to lower your risk for both diseases.

Get an early start to your New Year’s resolutions by finding ways to fit in more physical activity and choosing smaller portions of higher calorie foods to help get to and maintain a healthy weight. And that way you’ll feel even better this holiday season. Look here for some great ideas: Learning How to Fit Moving Into Your Already Busy Day, and Holiday Recipes from the AICR Test Kitchen. (Spoiler alert! Regular household cleaning counts as activity…and did you know pudding can be healthy?)

What do you do to stay a healthy weight during the holidays?

New IOM Report on Environmental Links to Breast Cancer

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Today the US Institute of Medicine released a major report that weighs the scientific evidence behind breast cancer’s possible link to various environmental factors. The report, over two years in the making and conducted by independent experts sponsored by a breast cancer advocacy group, reaffirmed much of what is already known, and pointed up the need for more — and better targeted — research.

“We at the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) welcome this report, which echoes AICR’s advice to focus on factors that have been clearly and convincingly shown to lower breast cancer risk — factors like eating smart, staying lean, moving more — and, of course, avoiding tobacco,” said AICR’s Director of Research, Susan Higginbotham, PhD, RD. “We know that many people are worried about other factors like air pollution, cosmetics, cleaning products and plastic food containers, but as the IOM report shows, we do not have solid scientific evidence that these factors affect human cancer risk.  More research is needed.” Read more… “New IOM Report on Environmental Links to Breast Cancer”