A new study involving the emerging research on lifestyle’s role in breast cancer survivorship suggests that obesity — both before and after a breast cancer diagnosis — is associated with earlier death from cancer or other causes, compared to women at a healthy weight.
The paper was published yesterday in the Annals of Oncology. It adds to a complex and relatively new area of research: what survivors can do to lengthen life and stay healthy.
In a major report on breast cancer survivorship due this Fall, World Cancer Research Fund International’s Continuous Update Project (CUP) expert panel will consider this latest paper as it works to shape official recommendations for cancer survivors. AICR is the US member of World Cancer Research Fund International.
The Annals of Oncology paper was written by a team of scientists involved in the CUP, including Anne McTiernan, MD, PhD, Director of the Prevention Center at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. The paper found that “increased body size is significantly related to survival after a diagnosis of breast cancer…” said Dr. McTiernan. But the findings are not proof, she says, more research is needed. Continue reading
Research already shows that being active can reduce the risk of developing several cancers. Now comes a study that suggests for men, taking that brisk daily walk after a cancer diagnosis may lengthen your life.
The study was published in the Journal of Physical Activity and Health, and it adds to a growing body of research suggesting that exercise can have significant health benefits for cancer survivors.
“The main take away message is that physical activity improves survival in men with cancer, says I-Min Lee, MD, ScD, an epidemiologist at the Harvard School of Public Health and lead author of the study.
”There have been previous studies, examining survival in breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer patients, showing similar findings. Our study included not only survivors of these cancers, but of other cancers “
For the study, Lee and her colleagues looked at data collected in 1988 from a group of about 1,000 male cancer survivors. On average the men had been diagnosed six years previously – in 1982. In 1988 the men reported on their activity habits. They also answered questions about their weight, smoking habits, alcohol consumption, and what foods they ate. The data was updated five years later. Continue reading
Ovarian cancer is among the most deadly women’s cancers. That’s because its symptoms, such as abdominal bloating, are difficult to diagnose until it has progressed to a late stage. Only 44 percent of ovarian cancer survivors live 5 years past diagnosis.
But results of a new study of post-menopausal women in the Women’s Health Initiative trial unveiled this week at our research conference associate higher diet quality index score in combination with physical activity with greater survival after diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Researchers at the University of Arizona Cancer Center presented these results in a poster at our conference.
The results are not yet published and has not yet gone through the peer-reviewed process.
Study author Tracy Crane, MS, RD, said of the study, “This secondary analysis supports the ongoing LIVES study, the largest-ever randomized controlled trial (RTC) to investigate the effects of diet, weight and physical activity on ovarian cancer survival.”