A liver hormone gives new clues to explain your sweet tooth

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A hormone produced by the liver called fibroblast growth factor 21, or FGF21, might play a role in curbing your sweet cravings, suggests a recent study published in the journal Cell Metabolism.

The brain and gut (which includes the liver) work together in what’s called the central reward system to control what we like and choose to eat – including sweets. Differences in that system can promote unhealthy eating habits, which can lead to obesity, cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. Read more… “A liver hormone gives new clues to explain your sweet tooth”

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    AICR Opposes Proposed Cuts to Science, Cancer Prevention Research

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    Health and science research face massive cuts in last week’s proposed White House budget that — if enacted — would set back research on cancer prevention and ultimately cost lives, says the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR).

    The proposed budget for fiscal year 2018 slashes the National Institutes of Health funding by 5.8 billion dollars, approximately 19 percent. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is part of the National Institutes of Health.

    While the proposed budget does not give details on what will be eliminated, AICR stands against any cuts that will slow and possibly irrevocably setback the progress in improving cancer prevention and survivorship.

    In 2017, there will be an estimated 1,688,780 new cancer cases. Over 600,920 people living in the United States will die from this disease. Research over the past few decades has led to a greater understanding of what drives cancer development and what protects us. Only through analyzing the global research has AICR’s network found many ways in which diet, weight management and physical activity lowers people’s cancer risk.

    Research now shows that hundreds of thousands of US cancer cases can be prevented every year. At a time when the field has come so far, there is an urgent need to continue this research. Only through more study can individuals – and the country – prevent much of the cost, loss and suffering that cancer brings.

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      Fewer Americans trying to lose weight; what that means for cancer prevention

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      According to a recent study, fewer US adults with overweight or obesity are trying to lose weight in what is a concerning trend for cancer prevention. With obesity rates increasing and fewer at a healthy weight, more people will be at risk for several cancers such as post menopausal breast and colorectal, as well as other chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes.

      In their analysis, researchers used data from NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) from 1988 through 2014 to compare weight loss efforts over the past couple of decades. They found that the percent of Americans with overweight trying to lose weight dropped from 56% to 49% in the past 25 years. This drop occurred in nearly all gender and ethnic categories, but perhaps the most concerning decline was for black women. Almost 8 in 10 black women have overweight or obesity, but those trying to lose weight went from 65.5% to almost 55%. White women and men also showed drops in weight loss efforts.

      For cancer prevention, maintaining a healthy weight throughout life is one of the most powerful lifestyle factors for lower risk. In those who already have overweight or obesity, we don’t know if losing weight will lower risk, though it seems to make sense. But we do know that losing weight will reduce risk of type 2 diabetes, a risk factor for some cancers, and it can reduce chronic inflammation and other markers for cancer risk. Read more… “Fewer Americans trying to lose weight; what that means for cancer prevention”

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