Did you ever wish your parent let you eat your cake alongside your broccoli? A small study published in the journal Appetite this week reported that preschool children might actually eat fewer calories when dessert is served right alongside their meal instead of afterwards.
The study out of Purdue University measured how the timing of dessert made a difference in how much lunch 23 chidren ate. Half of the 2-5 year old children were served a chocolate chip cookie alongside their lunch on Thursdays and Fridays while the other half received their dessert after their lunch plates were cleared. Eight weeks later, they switched groups. Thursday’s lunch entrée was fish and Friday was pasta, two favorites of this primarily Asian and Caucasian group of children.
Accounting for age, room, menu rotation, type of meal, and presence of morning snack, researchers found that children consumed 9% more calories overall when the cookie was served after lunch trays were cleared.
Portion size was also addressed by rotating in 50% larger portions of entrée, vegetable and fruit at certain meals, but surprisingly portion size was not found to factor into total calorie intake. The authors surmised that the results might be because the kids served dessert at the same time as lunch filled up sooner and chose to eat less food overall.
A new study appearing in the journal Nutrition and Cancer found that following at least four AICR/WCRF recommendations for cancer prevention reduced men’s risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer tumors by 38%.
The study, which came out of UCLA’s Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, looked at adherence to seven of AICR’s ten recommendations in over two-thousand African-American and Caucasian men aged 40-70 recently diagnosed with prostate cancer. The risk of aggressive tumor development was found to be lower in those men who followed four or more recommendations regardless of race.
Why should I pay attention? I thought only old guys in their eighties got prostate cancer. After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in men. One in seven men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer sometime during his life. In 2013, almost 239,000 men in the U.S. will be diagnosed with prostate cancer and nearly 30,000 will die from the disease. Being overweight, smoking, and a lack of vegetables in the diet are linked to a higher risk of aggressive prostate cancer (as opposed to the slower-growing form of prostate cancer). Aggressive cancers mean lower survival rates, making these findings on preventing aggressive forms even more relevant. Continue reading
The majority of Americans want to see calories and other nutrition information added to menus and menu boards, according to a new report out this month by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF).
Evidence that menu labeling leads to a reduction in calories when dining out is mixed, but the report does suggest that seeing posted calories may lead to consumers eating fewer calories daily, even after they leave the restaurant
Building on its 2008 research report, this report reviews nearly fifty new studies exploring consumer support for menu labeling as well as the effects of labeling on consumer awareness, purchase intentions and actual food purchasing.
Studies that were conducted in controlled settings or that relied on survey data were given less weight in the report as they may not reflect what happens in the real world. The studies that were conducted using real-life restaurant scenarios offered mixed results in terms of the effect of labeling on what we choose to order and how many calories we consume when eating out. Continue reading