Latest CUP report on esophageal cancer, digging deeper

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Our latest Continuous Update Project report was released today, and it’s important not just for the specific cancer site the report focuses on – esophageal – but for cancer prevention overall.

The report found that consuming alcoholic drinks and being overweight or obese increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer. And although evidence suggests that eating a diet high in vegetables and fruit and being physically active may be protective, more research is needed to confirm these links.

For the first time there was enough research for the CUP Expert Panel to make separate conclusions for each of the two major types of esophageal cancer: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. These two subtypes of cancer have different causes and patterns of incidence, so analyzing them separately allowed the panel to determine which lifestyle factors play a role in each type. Read more… “Latest CUP report on esophageal cancer, digging deeper”

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    Preventing Prostate Cancer: The More We Learn, The Less We Know

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    The latest report from our Continuous Update Project (CUP), the process by which we rigorously review the global science linking diet, weight and physical activity to various cancers, focuses on the prevention of prostate cancer. We released it last night; this press release reviews the highlights, and takes you to the full report.obesity-cancer-infographic-prostate-x900

    One new finding is that obesity is now recognized as a risk factor for advanced prostate cancer – the most deadly type.

    Like all previous CUP Reports, Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Prostate Cancer gives our expert panel the chance to review the research collected since the publication of our 2007 AICR/WCRF expert report, and to update their judgments about the strength of the evidence on specific links.

    Which, this time at least, is just what they did. revealing how quickly the field of prostate cancer research has changed in just seven years.

    Prostate Cancer Is Not One Disease – The panel’s judgments on specific links have changed because prostate cancer is now being studied differently than the way it was in 2007. Today, researchers know that not all prostate cancers are alike. Read more… “Preventing Prostate Cancer: The More We Learn, The Less We Know”

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      Confused About the Latest Research? You’re Not Alone

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      If you’ve ever found yourself wondering why so many nutrition studies seem to contradict each other – and why studying nutrition and cancer is so difficult – you are in good http://www.dreamstime.com/royalty-free-stock-images-apple-image16057189company. I recently returned from the American Society for Nutrition meeting at the 2013 Experimental Biology conference in Boston and as usual, this was a prominent topic of conversation.

      This year at the conference a session that particularly drew my attention was sponsored by ILSI North America. Presentations and videos from this session are available on the ILSI website.

      One of the speakers in the session, statistician David Allison, PhD, suggested provocative actions that challenge the way research is traditionally conducted and publicized. According to Dr. Allison, all too often published research is distorted and misleading.

      Some of the reasons for this include the common practice of not reporting all the analyses that are conducted in a given study, not publishing (or being able to get published) results from studies don’t find effects, and overstating the importance of a study’s findings. Read more… “Confused About the Latest Research? You’re Not Alone”

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